Prenatally diagnosed foramen ovale restriction in fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome may be a predictor of longer hospitalization, but not of a need for an urgent rashkind procedure

Autor: Lukasz Sokolowski, Maria Respondek-Liberska, Marek Pietryga, Maciej Slodki
Data publikacji: 11 Luty 2019

Objectives: This prospective study aimed to assess the effectiveness of foramen ovale examination in classifying prenatal hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) in accordance with the new classification groupings for congenital heart defects.

Material and methods: The analysis included 145 fetuses with HLHS, diagnosed and monitored between 2008 and 2015 in Prenatal Cardiology Department at Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute in Lodz. The main criteria for classifying our study population into three sub-groups was was the presence of a foramen ovale restriction, which we diagnosed by evaluating the diameter and blood flow through the foramen ovale. Of the total group, 73.8% (n = 107) were classified as severe planned, 24.1% (n = 35) as severe urgent, and 2.1% (n = 3) as the severest group.

Results: Comparing the severe planned and the severe urgent HLHS groups showed: gestational age of delivery 38 vs 38 weeks respectively (p = 0.45); cesarean delivery 62% vs 79.2% (p = 0.15); neonatal birth weight 3110 g vs 2985 g (p = 0.2); Apgar score 9 vs 9 points; survival rate 65.8% vs 61.9% (p = 0.8); and hospitalization 38 vs 46.5 days (p = 0.059). Prenatal qualification for the group of severe urgent HLHS was characterized by 100% sensitivity, 80.6% specificity and a low posi- tive predictive value of 9.5%.

Conclusions: 1. Prenatal qualification into the group of severe urgent CHD based on the features of foramen ovale was characterized by high sensitivity, a satisfying specificity and a low positive predictive value. 2. Prenatally diagnosed foramen ovale restriction may be a predictor of longer hospitalization, but not of a need for an urgent Rashkind procedure. 3. New classifications of CHDs allowed clinicians to determine prognoses and to plan optimal multi-specialized care which resulted in similar outcomes between the severe planned and severe urgent HLHS groups.

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